19th Century Occupations or job descriptions from Cab Body Builder to Cycle Maker.


Cab Body Builder Someone who built the bodywork for horse drawn cabs.
Cab Driver Also Cab Driver Groom; Someone who drove a cab. They were usually also responsible for looking after the horses.
Cab Man, Cabman, Cabbie, Cab Nasher, or Groom See Cab Driver
Cab Proprietor Someone who owned a cab. He would usually employ someone to drive it.
Cabinet Brush Maker
Cabinet Carver
Cabinet Fitter
Cabinet HawkerSomeone who sold cabinets.
Cabinet Makera highly skilled maker of quality furniture
Cabinet Maker Apprenticeapprentice to above
Cabinet maker, upholstererone who specialised in seating
Cabinet Maker's Labourerassisted - obvious really
Cabinet Polisheroften a french polisher
Cabinet Tacker
Cable Jointerjoined cables
Cabmandrove a cab. Also Cab Driver, Cab Man, Cabbie or Carman
CadA person employed to feed and water horses at coach stops.
Cadet, Salvation ArmyA junior in the Salvation Army.
CaddieA boy who carried messages or who ran errands.
Caddy Butcherbutcher that dealt in horse meat
CadgerA beggar
CafenderA carpenter
Cafflerrag and bone collector
Cainermade walking sticks
CairdA tinker
Cake TravellerSomeone who travelled, selling cakes.
Calcinerburnt bones to make powdered lime
CalenderSomeone who listed documents, or, a machine for pressing cloth or paper
Calender MakerSomeone who makes Calenders; machines in which cloth or paper is pressed by rollers to glaze or smooth it. The Calender is actually the roller itself.
Calender Worker, Calenderer or CalendermanA person who operated a machine which pressed cloth and paper using two large rollers (calenders).
Calico Printerdyed and colored calico
Caligraphic Sign WriterSomeone who created signs etc.
CambistAn expert in financial exchange, a dealer in bills of exchange.
Cambric MakerA person who made a fine linen or cotton fabric called cambric.
CameristA lady's maid.
CamisterA minister of the cloth
Camlet MerchantA seller of camlet, cloth used to make cloaks & petticoats.
CampanerBell Maker
CampanologistA bell ringer.
Candle Maker or CandlerOne who made candles
Candy ManA travelling candy salesman, or a slang name for a bailiff.
Cane Dresser
Cane Spreader
Caner or Chair Bottomermade the seats for chairs out of woven cane
Canister Packer
Cannallercanal boat worker
Cannister Maker & JapannerSomeone who Made and Japanned Canisters.
CanterA religious speaker who uses cant, or a beggar or vagrant.
Canting CallerAn auctioneer
Canvaser or CanvasserOne who made canvas
Cap Cuttercut cloth to make caps
Cap Front Maker
Cap Machinistmachined caps
Cap Makermade caps
Cap Makers Apprenticeapprentice to above
Cap Manufacturerowner of a cap making factory or establishment
Cap Milliner
Cap Sewer
Cape Maker & Liner Someone who made or lined Capes.
Caper or Cappercap maker
Capillaire MakerA person who made orange flavoured syrup.
CapitalistA person who provided private capital or wealth for the production and distribution of goods.
Capsol Maker
Capstan, Harb
Capsule Maker
Captainin charge of a ship or a group of soldiers and also a term for an overseer or boss
Captain in the Salvation Army
Carbonic Paper MakerSomeone who made Carbonic, or Carbon Paper.
Card Cutter
Card Edge GilderSomeone who added Gilt edging to greeting cards.
Card Maker
Card NailerA person who maintained the teeth (nails) on the carding machine used for preparing wool and cotton for weaving.
Card Packer
Card Wainer
Cardboard Box Cutter
Cardboard Box MakerSomeone who made Cardboard Boxes.
CarderA person who operated a carding machine used to prepare wool and cotton for weaving by removing the knots and tangles.
CardmakerA person who made the handheld implement used for carding wool and cotton, or a maker of playing cards.
Cardroomer A person who worked in the carding room of the cotton mills.
CaretakerAlso Care Taker; Someone who takes care of another's property
Carman, Carrier or Carterdrove a vehicle used to transport goods
Carman Contractorcarman contracted to a company
Carman with Mineral Waterscarman delivering water
Carman, Railwaycarman working for the railway
Carman's Assistantassisted - obvious really
CarnerA granary keeper
CarnifexA Butcher
CarpentariusA Carpenter
CarpenterSkilled Woodworker.
Carpenter & JoinerSkilled woodworker. A Joiner is more skilled than a Carpenter, and wouldn't use the term Carpenter, they'd just call themselves a Joiner. However, the term Carpenter & Joiner is listed in the 1891 London Census, so it's listed here.
Carpenter's Labourerassisted - obvious really
Carpet and rug manufacturemade carpets and rugs
Carpet Bag Maker
Carpet Sewer
Carpet Weaverwove carpets
Carriage Painterpainted carriages
Carriage WasherSomeone who washed carriages.
CarrierA person who drove a vehicle used to transport goods.
Cart Boyjunior version of a carman I'd guess
Cart Minder in Marketa boy who looked after a stall in a market
Cart Wheelermade cart wheels
CarterA carman, carrier, drayman or wagoner.
Cartographermap maker
CartomancerA fortune teller who used cards.
Cartrage Maker
Cartridge Makermade cartridges for the firearms industry
Cartwrightmaker of carts & wagons
CarverSomeone who carves things.
Carver in Restaurant, InnSomeone who carves meat.
Carver, Wood or IvorySomeone who carved items out of wood or ivory.
Case Makermade cases (often packing cases)
CashierSomeone who looked after the cash and often kept the books for a business.
CashmarieA person who sold fish usually at inland markets.
Cast Iron TrimmerSomeone who trimmed off the excess metal from cast iron forgings.
Caster or CastorA person who made small bottles used for sprinkling salt, pepper, sugar etc.
CastratorA person who castrated farm animals aka a Gelder.
Casual LabourerObvious really!
CatagmanA cottager
Catchpole or CatchpollA bailiff or sheriffs officer.
CatechistA teacher of religion.
Cat's Meat ManSomeone who supplied meat for feeding domestic cats; usually horse meat.
Cattle Droverdrove cattle
Cattle JobberA person who bought and sold cattle.
Cattle Man
Cattle Trader
Caulkerfilled up cracks and seams in ships or barrels to make them watertight using tar or oakum-hemp fibre
CausewayerA person who was involved in road repairs.
Cautionerguarantor, one who acts as security for another.
CCAlso C. Clerk, a commercial clerk or office clerk does many basic jobs in the office, filing paperwork, sorting and answering mail, etc.
CeapmanSee Chapman
Ceilerputs up the ceilings in buildings
Cellar Boyboy who worked in a cellar
Cellarette Maker or LinerSomeone who made, or lined Cellarettes. A Cellarette was a case or sideboard for holding bottles of wine or liquor.
Cellarmanlooked after the beer, wines and spirits in public houses and warehouses
Cellarman Winestoreslooked after the beer, wines and spirits in wine stores
CemmerA person who hand combed the yarn before weaving.
Certified Nurse
Certified Teacher
Chaff CutterAlso Chaffcutter; made chaff by cutting straw
Chaffererdealer in chaff
Chain Makermade chains
Chair Bodgertraveling chair repairman
Chair Caner
Chair Makermade chairs
Chair Saddler
Chair Stuffer
Chaise DriverThe driver of a two wheeled, one or two person, light open carriage with a hood that may be let down.
Chaise Saddler
ChaisemakerCarriage maker
ChalonerA dealer in shalloon, a material made in Chalons, or a person who made blankets.
Chamberlainsteward to either royalty or nobility, in charge of the household
Chambermaidfemale servant attending to bedrooms in houses or inns
Chamber MasterA shoemaker that worked from home as an outworker or selling direct.
Chandlergrocer, dealer or trader; one who makes or sells candles
Chandler's Shop Asstassisted - obvious really
Chanty Man or Shanty Mansailor that led the singing of shanties on board ship
Chapel Keeper
Chapelermade and sold hats
Chapman or Copemanitinerant dealer or peddler of goods, or a keeper of a booth or stall in a market
Char Dealer
Char, or Char Womancleaner
Charcoal Burnermade charcoal usually in the woods where the trees were cut
CharmanSee Carrier
ChartmasterA middleman that negotiated mining contracts and supplied the labour.
Charwoman / Charcleaning woman
ChaserAn engraver
ChatelaineThe mistress of a castle or house.
Chaunterstreet entertainer who sung ballads
Checker on RailwayTicket Inspector, checked to make sure that passengers had valid tickets.
Cheese Factor or Monger, or Cheesemandealer in cheeses
CheesemongerDealer in cheese and butter.
ChefSomeone who cooks food, but more highly skilled and qualified than a Cook.
Chemical PackerSomeone who packed chemicals for a Druggist os Chemist.
ChemistSomeone who was qualified to dispense drugs on prescription from a Doctor; Pharmacist, Apothecary, Druggist, etc.
ChestermanA guard.
Chest Makermade chests
Chiffonier or Chiffonnierwig maker or ragpicker
Childbed Linen Warehouse Keeper or DealerA person who hired bedlinen for use at child-birth as most children were born at home in the 19th century.
Children's Boot Makermade boots for children
Children's MillinerSomeone who specialised in making hats for Children
Chimney Sweep or SweepSwept the soot out of chimneys
China & Glass Dealersold china and glassware
ChinglorA rooftiler who used wooden shingles.
Chintz GlazerA textile mill worker who applied sizing or starch to fabric to give it more body and a smooth surface.
Chip or Chippyshipwright or carpenter
Chipper's LabourerAn assistant to a shipwright or ships carpenter.
ChiropodistA person who treats diseases of the feet & hands.
Chirugion or ChirurgeonAn apothecary or surgeon.
Chowderfish monger
ChronologistA person who recorded official events of historical importance.
Church Attendant
Church Bell Brace Maker
Church Servant
Cigar Box Maker Cuttercut and made cigar boxes
Cigar Box Papererlined cigar boxes with paper
Cigar Leaf Stripper
Cigar Lighter Seller
Cigar Makermade cigars
Cigar Maker's Apprenticeapprentice to above
Cigar Sorter & Bundlersorted and bundled cigars
Cigar Strippertobacco stripper, part of the cigar making process
Cigarette Cuttercut cigarettes
Cigarette Makermade cigarettes
Cinder Wenchfemale who collected cinders from gas works and sold them door to door
Circuit RiderTraveling Preacher
CissorA tailor.
City of London Policeman
City Porter
Civil EngineerA professional consultant engineer, qualified to a higher level than a journeyman engineer. Generally employed by railway, mining, and building companies on larger projects.
Civil ServantAnyone who worked in a Government Department position.
ClakerA magician or astrologer.
ClapmanA man who took a person to prison.
Clark, Clarke or Clericusclerk
ClassmanAn unemployed labourer.
ClavigerA Servant
Clay CarrierAn assistant to the shot firer in the pits.
ClaymanOne who worked in the clay pits, preparing the clay for making bricks, or a person who coated the outside of buildings with clay to make them water proof.
Cleaner, Chardomestic cleaner
Cleat MakerSomeone who made cleats.
ClericusSee Clerk
Clerkgeneral clerical work, also can mean clergyman, cleric
Clerk (C.C.)commercial clerk
Clerk (Junior)obvious really
Clerk in Holy OrdersA Clergyman, cleric or priest.
Clerk of the WorksUsually shortened to Clerk of Works; involved on-site supervision of construction processes. They had to account for all the contract specifications, measure the contractor's work, monitor construction lines and levels, and assure the quality of materials used.
Clerk Secretarysecretarial clerk
CleymanSee Clayman
ClickerOne who made eyelet holes or uppers in boots using a machine which clicked, or a person in charge of the final stage of layout before printing in the print industry, or the servant of a salesman who stood at the door to invite customers in.
Clipper, Clipper on, or Clipper OffOne who attached the coal carts to the rope which was used to drag the carts to and from the coal face in the mines.
Clock & WatchmakerSomeone who made clocks and watches
Clock MakerAlso clockmaker; Someone who made clocks.
Clod Hopperplowman or ploughman
Clog Dancerstreet entertainers - Actors
CloggerA clog maker (wooden shoes).
Cloth Cap Maker
Cloth Cuttercut cloth
Cloth Dealer
Cloth DyerSomeone who dyed cloth.
Cloth LapperA person who took the cloth from the carding machine and made it ready for the next process.
Cloth Linter or PickerA person who removed unwanted threads and lint from the finished material.
Cloth Presserpressed cloth
Cloth WorsterSomeone who operated a gilling machine that straightened the fibres in yarn to make worsted cloth.
Clothes Cuttercut clothes
ClothesmanSomeone who made or sold clothes.
ClothierSomeone who made or sold clothes
Clothier's CutterSomeone who cut clothes
ClothmanSee Clothier
ClouterA person who made nails. Also another term for a shoemaker.
ClowerA person who made nails.
Club Proprietormanager of a club
Coach BuilderSomeone who built coaches.
Coach Makermade coaches
Coach Painterpainted coaches
Coach Smith Ticeman
Coachmandrove a coach, or acted as a guard, or looked after the horses
Coal BackerA person employed to carry the sacks of coal from the coal barge to the coal wagons.
Coal BearerSomeone who carried coal on their backs from the coal face to the pit bottom, often a child
Coal BurnerA person who made charcoal.
Coal Carman
Coal DealerSomeone who sold coal.
Coal Dealer & Carman
Coal Dealer & GreengrocerSomeone who sold fruit and vegetables as well as coal
Coal Drawerworked in the mines pushing or dragging the coal carts to the bottom of the pit
Coal GetterSomeone who gets the coal from the coal face, and puts it into corves for transport to the pit bottom.
Coal HeaverA person employed to move coal e.g. from boat to shore or from shore to boat.
Coal Higgler or CoalmanA person who sold coal usually from a horse and cart, house to house.
Coal HurrierSomeone who is harnessed to a corf or corve (small wagon) full of coal, and pulls it from the coal face to the pit bottom. Usually young girls.
Coal merchant/dealerSee Coal Dealer
Coal mine serviceworked in a coal mine
Coal Mine TrapperA child employed to open and close ventilation doors at the bottom of a coal mine.
Coal Minerworked in a coal mine
Coal Porter or Coal Bearercarried and delivered coal
Coal PutterSomeone who puts coal into a basket for a coal bearer to carry
Coal RunnerA person who attended the coal carts underground.
Coal ThrusterSomeone who pushes to corves from the coal face to the pit bottom with their hands and the tops of their head.
Coal WhipperOne employed to unload coal from ships using baskets attached to a simple form of crane.
CoalmeterA person who measured the coal.
Coast Surveyor or WaiterA customs officer who watched over the off-loading of goods on the coast.
Coat Button Hole Maker
Coat Presser
Coat Tailor
CobblerSomene who mended shoes and boots. They were often prohibited by law from making shoes completely from new leather, so some of them would take old shoes and dismantle them and make new shoes from old leather.
CoblemanA person who used a flat bottomed boat for fishing.
CockfeederA person who looked after fighting cocks.
Cocoa Nut Openeropened cocoa nuts
CocusA cook
Cod PlacerA person who put the fire proof containers which held the pottery for firing into the kiln.
Coffee Broker
Coffee House Keeper
Coffee House Managermanaged a coffee house
Coffee House/Shop Keeperkept a coffee house or coffee shop
Coffee Merchant
Coffee Packer
Coffee Roaster
Coffin Makermade coffins
Coffin Maker, Undertakermade coffins and took care of funeral arrangements
Cohena priest
CoinerA person who worked at the Mint stamping out coins.
Collar Cutter, Shirtcut collars for shirts
Collar Dresser Shirtfitted collars onto shirts
Collar Examiner
Collar Hand
Collar Ironerironed collars on shirts
Collar Machinist
Collar Makermade horse collars or shirt collars
Collar Stamper
Collar Stitcher
Collar Turner
Collator, Book Trade
Colliercoal miner, a coal merchant or one who worked on the coal barges
Colour Factory Labourer
Colour Manmixed the dyes in the textile trade and also assistant to a house painter
Colourator or ColoratorA person who worked with dyes.
Colours Ink
Colours Manager
ColporteurPeddler of books, sometimes religious books.
ColtA name for unskilled workers. Used to describe women and children working in the framework knitting trade.
Colver or CulverSomeone who kept Doves.
Comb Maker (Bone, Ivory)A person who made combs either for the textile industry for combing wool etc. or the maker of hair combs, often out of Bone or Ivory.
Comber One who operated a combing machine in the mills.
CombereA person who combs wool.
Comedian, Actor
Comedienne, Actress
Commercial Agentanother name for an agent
Commercial Clerkanother name for a clerk
Commercial Travelleranother name for a travelling salesman
Commission AgentAnother name for an Agent.
Commission TravellerAnother name for a Travelling Salesman.
CommissionaireSomeone employed as an Attendant, Doorman, Messenger or Light Porter employed in Hotels or Railway Stations.
Common Wood Turner
Compositor, Printerset the type ready for printing
ConderA person on shore who gave directions to fisherman as to the movements of the shoals of fish (usually from the top of cliffs).
Conductor, Groom
Coney Catcherrabbit catcher
Confectionermaker of sweets
ConnerAn inspector or tester.
Constable, City of London
ContriverAn inventor, or a schemer or plotter.
ConveyorA grantor or seller.
Cooksomeone who cooks food
Cook, Domesticsomeone who cooks food domestically
Cooper or Cupermakes or repairs barrels or other vessels made of staves & hoops, such as casks, tubs, vats, etc (See also Tea Cooper, someone who made tea chests)
Copemandealer in goods, or a dishonest dealer in horses.
CoperA horse dealer. Sometimes a dishonest horse dealer.
Copperbeater or CopperbeterA coppersmith, someone who worked with copper or brass.
Copper minermined copper ore
Copper Plate Printer
Copper Plate Printer, Litho
CoppersmithAlso Copper Smith; Someone who made items out of copper
Coppersmith's Labourerassisted - obvious really
Coppice KeeperA person who looks after a small wood.
Copying Clerk
Copyist in the Admiralty
Coracle MakerA person who made coracles, small round boats used for inland water fishing.
Cord Twister, RopeSomeone who twisted fibres to make cord or rope.
CordinerA shoemaker; someone who made shoes and other articles from fine soft leather. Also a person who worked with Cordovan, a special soft leather from Cordoba, Spain. (As opposed to a Cobbler, who simply repaired shoes)
CordovanSee Cordiner
CordwainerSee Cordiner
Coriander Washer
Cork CutterA person who worked with cork.
Cork Manufacturer, Timber
Cork Porterone who carried cork
Cork Sack Maker
Cork Sorter
Corn Agent
Corn Chandlersold corn
Corn CutterA podiatrist.
Corn Dealer
Corn FactorA middleman in corn deals.
Corn Merchant
Corn MeterAn official who measured and weighed the corn at market.
Corn Portercarried corn
CornetThe lowest commissioned rank in a cavalry regiment.
Cornet MakerSomeone who made ice cream cornets
Correspondentjournalist or writer
Corresponding Clerk
Corsage Hand
Corsage MakerSomeone who made Corsages, or small flower arrangements to be worn on the shoulder or wrist.
Corset Busk Coverer
Corset Hand
Corset Machinist
Corset Maker, Bonemade corsets
CorverA person who made baskets used in coal mining known as corves.
Corveysera, Corviner or CorviserSee Cordiner
Cosque Maker
Cossack Maker
Costerpeddlar, hawker, seller of goods on the street, sometimes fruit, but not always
Coster MongerAlso Costermonger; fruit seller, or peddler, hawker, seller of goods on the street
Coster Wifefemale fruit seller
Costume Maker, Dress
Coteler or CotylerA person who made and repaired knives.
CotilerA cutler
Cottager, Cottar, Cotter or cottierAn agricultural labourer who lived in a cottage on the landowners farm.
Cotton FeederA person employed in the cotton mills to feed the cotton into the loom.
Cotton Minder
Cotton Stitcher
Cotton Winderwound cotton
Couch Frame Maker
CoucherA person employed in the paper making trade.
Counterman, GPO
CountourA person who collected rates.
County Bank, Messenger
CouperA dealer, Buys and sells, usually cattle and horses.
Couple BeggarAn itinerant priest who performed marriages without licence or banns.
CouplerA person employed in the coal mines coupling the coal tubs together.
CouranteerA journalist.
Court FactorA person who bought and sold courts (small carts).
Court RollerA person in charge of the court rolls and records.
Court ToolmakerA manufacturer of tools used to produce carts known as courts.
CourtierThe owner and driver of a horse and cart known as a court.
Cow Boy, Milkmilked cows
Cow KeeperAlso Cowkeeper, Dairyman or Milkseller; kept one or more cows and sold the milk from the front door, or from door to door
Cow LeechAn animal doctor.
CowherdA person who looked after cows.
CowmanSee Cow Keeper
Coxwainship or boat helmsman, or a member of the crew that gave the steering instructions to the helmsman
Crane Man
Craymandriver of a cart carrying heavy loads.
Creaque Hand
Credit Draper
Cricket Ball Baker
Cricket Bat Maker
Crierlaw court officer, auctioneer, town announcer
CrimperA member of navy press gang.
Crockery Hawker
Croftertenant of a small piece of land
Croppertenant who is paid with a share of the crop, or a skilled worker in the Yorkshire weaving trade who sheared the nap from cloth.
Crossing Sewer
CrownerA Coroner
Cuhreur or CunreurA currier.
CullerA gelder of male animals.
Curate - Clergysomeone who is an asistant to a parish priest
Curercures tobacco or pork
CurretterA Broker.
CurrierOne who dresses the coat of a horse with a curry comb, or one who cures or tans hides
Customs OfficerAlso Customer; A customs tax collector.
Cutlerknife seller or sharpener
CutterOne who cuts things
Cycle MakerSomeone who made Bicycles.

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