Victorian Occupations – M

19th Century Occupations or job descriptions from Maccaroni Loper to Mustardman.

Maccaroni Loper
Machine Attendant
Machine Boy A boy who operated a machine.
Machine Breaker English labourers who in the early 19th century revolted and broke threshing machines, spinning machines, and other forms of mechanisation.
Machine Engineer
Machine Girl A girl who operated a machine.
Machine Hand
Machine Maker
Machine Minder A machine operator.
Machine Repairer
Machine Ruler or Machiner A machine operator.
Machinist A machine operator.
Macon A mason.
Macun A mason.
Maderer A person who gathered and sold garlic.
Maid A female domestic servant. They included Scullery, Kitchen, House, General, Parlour, Nurse, Laundry, Lady’s etc.
Mail Cart Driver
Mail Driver
Mail Guard An armed guard employed to protect the mail coach service.
Mail Packer
Mail Porter
Mail Sorter
Maise Maker A person who made measures for weighing herring catch.
Maker-Up A person who prepared or ‘made up’ material to customers clothing requirements, or chemist or druggist, or an agent for paraffin.
Malemaker A maker of “Males” or travelling bags. A Royal Mail term for the bags in which the letters were carried.
Malender A farmer
Maler See Malemaker.
Malster or Maltster A brewer, maker or seller of malt beverages; beer and ale.
Man Servant
Manager in charge of; any industry
Manageress Female in charge of; any industry.
Manchester Man A wholesale travelling salsman trading between factory and shops with goods on packhorses.
Manciple A steward
Mangle & Press Maker
Mangle Keeper woman who offered use of a mangle for a fee
Mangle Worker or Mangler Someone who works a mangle
Mangling Woman
Mango A slave dealer.
Mantle Assistant
Mantle Cutter Someone who cut mantles for gas lamps.
Mantle Finisher Someone who finished mantles for gas lamps.
Mantle Forewoman A highly skilled dressmaker.
Mantle Machinist Someone who machined mantles for gas lamps.
Mantle Maker Also Mantlemaker; Someone who made mantles for gas lamps.
Mantle Presser
Mantle Sorter
Mantle Trimming Maker Someone who made the trimming for gas mantles
Mantua Maker A Dressmaker. Mantua is a woman’s loose gown.
Manufacturer, Mechanic
Manufacturing chemist’s labourer
Manufacturing Furrier
Manufacturing Upholsterer
Map Printer
Marble Finisher
Marble Mason
Marble Polisher, Mason
Marbler one who stained paper or other material, veined to imitate marble
Marescallus A marshall.
Marine Engineer
Marine Store Dealer A person who buys and sells used cordage, bunting, rags, timber, metal, etc, sorts waste, repairs and mends sacks.
Mariner A sailor, or seaman.
Mark Cutter
Market Carrier A porter.
Market Gardener
Market Labourer A labourer in the market.
Market Porter A porter
Market Regulator Regulates trade in the market.
Market Salesman Sells item in a market.
Market Warehouseman A labourer.
Marqueterie Cutter Marquetry or marqueterie, is the art and craft of applying pieces of veneer to a structure to form decorative patterns, designs or pictures.
Marquetesser Cutter
Marquetry Cutter
Marshall A horse doctor or shoesmith. Alternative definition, a horse servant or groom.
Marshman Someone employed by landowners to look after marshlands and tend the animals put to graze there for the season.
Mashmaker Someone who makes the mash-vats or mashels used for mixing malt.
Marson A mason.
Mason A stone dresser or cutter.
Mason, or Paviour lays paving stones
Mast Shop
Master The holder of one of three grades of skill recognised by the Guild of Crafts. A skilled workman or one in business on his own.
Master Baker A highly skilled baker.
Master Builder
Master Carman A cab driver who works for himself or employs others to drive.
Master Lumper A contractor of labourers at cheap rate of pay.
Master Mariner The Captain of a sea going vessel.
Master Mason
Master Tailor A highly skilled tailor
Match Box Maker Someone who makes matchboxes.
Match Factory Labourer
Match Maker Someone who makes matches.
Match Seller, Coster Someone who sells matches.
Matchbox Maker Someone who makes matchboxes.
Matchet or Machete Forger A knifemaker, or machetemaker; a heavy axe-like knife used as a chopping tool.
Matchgirl Sold matches on the street (Six for a fip)
Mather See Mawer.
Matress Maker A mattress maker (misspelling)
Matron, Girls Shelter, Institute
Matron, Institute Head nurse in charge of a ward in an institution.
Mattress Maker
Mawer A mower.
Mayer A physician.
Mealman dealer in meal or flour
Measurer, Cutter
Meat Market Porter
Meat Porter A person who carried meat from place to place in a meat market.
Meat Salesman
Mechanic A manual labourer, working in a trade, or the operator of a machine, or a person who uses machinery to produce things.
Mechanical Engineer
Medical Assistant Assistant to a Doctor.
Medical Dispenser
Medical Student
Medicus A leech doctor.
Melder A corn miller.
Mercantile Clerk A commercial clerk
Mercator A merchant
Mercer Someone who sells cloth, mainly silks and velvets. A Draper.
Merchant Someone who sells things
Merchant Clerk A commercial clerk.
Merchant Tailor
Messenger Someone who carries messages.
Metal Merchant
Metal Polisher
Metal Roller
Metal Turner
Metal Worker
Metal Worker, Silversmith
Metal Worker, Tinman
Metalman A worker in metal
Meterer A poet.
Met Policeman metropolitan police officer
Metropolitan Police Constable
Metropolitan Police Sergeant
Midwife experienced woman who assists in child birth
Miliner A milliner (misspelling).
Military Embroidress
Military Helmet Trimmer
Milk Boy
Milk Can Maker, Tin Someone who made milk churns.
Milk Carman
Milk Carrier Someone who carries milk.
Milk Contactor
Milk Dairyman Someone who keeps dairy cattle and produces milk.
Milk Seller
Mill Assistant
Mill Fitter
Mill Sawyer
Miller One who operated a mill; grain, cloth, timber etc.
Miller’s Labourer
Milleress A female miller, or the miller’s wife
Milliner Someone who sells fancy wares and articles of apparel, or the maker of ladies hats, bonnets, etc.
Millner See Milliner.
Millow A miller.
Millpeck Someone who sharpens mill stones.
Millstone Inspector A vagrant, a gentleman of the road.
Millwright designer & builder of mills or mill machinery
Minder of Cask at Market
Miner Someone who works in a mine, digging for coal, iron, lead, tin ore, etc.
Mineral Water Bottler
Mineral Water Traveller A travelling salesman, selling mineral water.
Mintmaker, Mintmaster or Mintner One who issued local currency.
Mission Woman
Mission Worker
Mission, Evangelist, Preacher
Mixer A barman or barwoman.
Mob Cap Apprentice Could be a misspelling of mop cap.
Mocado Weaver A weaver of woollen cloth called mock velvet, used for making clothes.
Molendinarius or Muner A miller.
Molitor A miller
Mondayman A person who worked for the landowner on Mondays in lieu of rent.
Money Taker in Washhouse
Monger A dealer or seller of goods (ale, fish)
Monthly Nurse someone who assisted women during the first month after giving birth
Mop Cap Maker Someone who made mop caps
Morocco Leather Finisher
Mother’s Help
Moulder maker of molds or castings, brickmaker
Moulder, Paper Mache
Moulder Runner A pottery moulder’s assistant.
Moulding Machinist, Sawyer
Mountebank A seller of ineffectual patent medicines. A “Snake Oil Salesman”.
Mourning Flower Maker An artificial flower maker.
Mouse Trap Maker
Mozaic Worker, Earth
Mudlark A sewer cleaner or riverbank scavenger
Muffin Maker A baker who made muffins, or a pottery worker who made a specific type of plate called a muffin, a seven inch tea plate.
Muffin Man An itinerant seller of muffins.
Muggler See Pigman.
Mugseller Someone who sells mugs and cups.
Muleteer A mule driver.
Multurer A miller.
Music Hall Artist
Music Hall Artiste
Music Master
Music Sellers’s Shopman
Music Stool Maker
Music Teacher
Musical Student
Musician Someone who made music.
Musician, Street A street musician.
Musician, Teacher of Piano
Musicker A musician.
Muslin manufacture Someone who made muslin.
Mustarder See Mustardman
Mustard Maker made and sold mustard.
Mustardman A dealer in mustard.