Victorian Occupations – P

19th Century Occupations or job descriptions from Packer to Pynner.

Packer packs goods such as tobacco, pickles or herring
Packing Box Maker
Packing Case Maker Someone who makes packing cases.
Packing Case Porter
Packman A peddler, someone who travelled around carrying goods for sale in a pack.
Pack Thread Spinner The operator of the machine which made thread or twine.
Pad Maker A person who made small baskets used for measuring things.
Page
Page Boy
Paint Brush Maker
Painter Someone who paints things.
Painter & Grainer Someone who paints and applies a grain to imitate a different type of wood.
Painter (Sign) Someone who paints signs.
Painting Brush Maker
Paintress A woman employed in the pottery industry to hand paint the finished articles.
Paling Man Someone who sells eels, or a fishmonger.
Palister A Park Keeper, someone who ensured the parks were safe and well kept.
Palmer A pilgrim, someone who had been, or pretended to have been, to the Holy Land
Panel Maker
Panel Wood Worker
Paneler A saddler.
Pannarius A clothier or draper.
Pannebeter A pan-hammerer, or a clothdriver.
Pannier Man A fish monger
Pannifex A person who worked in the cloth trade.
Pansmith Someone who made pans; a metal worker.
Panter Keeper of the pantry.
Pantler A butler.
Papaya Man Someone who was involved in trade with Papua New Guinea.
Paper Bag Maker Made paper bags.
Paper Bag Sticker
Paper Box Maker
Paper Case Maker
Paper Collar Maker
Paper Colorer Coloured paper.
Paper Colourer, Stainer
Paper Cutter Someone who Cut paper.
Paper Dealer Someone who dealt in paper.
Paper Embosser Someone who embossed paper.
Paper Enameller
Paper Examiner
Paper Glazier
Paper Hanger A decorator, one who hung wallpaper.
Paper Hanger, Plasterer An interior decorator who hung paper and plastered.
Paper Maker Someone who worked in the paper making industry. See Vatman, Coucher, Layer, Sizer.
Paper Manufacture The owner of a paper making factory.
Paper Marbler, Stainer
Paper Miller
Paper Presser Someone who worked a paper pressing machine.
Paper Roller
Paper Ruler, Print
Paper Sorter Someone who sorted paper.
Paper Stainer A person who coloured paper by hand or machine.
Paper Stamper
Paper Warehouse Worker
Paperer Someone employed in the needlemaking industry to insert the needles into the paper ready for sale.
Paperer Hand
Paperer’s Chalk Maker
Parambulator Maker misspelling of perambulator.
Parasol Maker
Parcels Porter
Parcheminer Someone who makes parchment.
Parchment Dealer
Parchment Maker
Pardoner Someone who is licensed to sell papal indulgences.
Pargeter Someone who applied ornamental plaster to buildings.
Parish Beadle
Parish Club
Parish Relief
Paritor An officer who attended the magistrates and judges at court to execute their orders.
Park Keeper
Parker A park caretaker, or type of game warden in a hunting or game park.
Parlour Maid
Parochus A pastor or rector.
Part Fitter, Boot Trade
Passage Agent & Foreign Money Changer
Passage Keeper kept passages and alleys clean.
Passover Cake Baker
Paste Bonnet Liner
Paste Fitter
Pasteler A pastry chef.
Pastor A shepherd.
Pastry Boy
Pastry Cook A cook who bakes pastry.
Patent Turner
Patenter of Boot Cleaning Machine
Patler A groom.
Patten or Patton Maker A clog maker, one who made wooden soles or pattens, to fit under shoes to protect them from wet and muddy ground
Pattern Card Maker
Pattern Last Maker
Pattern Maker A maker of a clog shod with an iron ring. A clog was a wooden pole with a pattern cut into the end
Pattern Sewer
Pauper Attendant
Paver Someone who laid paving stones or paved roads. See Paviour
Pavior, Road
Paviour or Road Paver Someone who laid paving stones or paved roads.
Pavyler Someone who put up marquees, pavilions or tents etc.
Pawnbroker Someone who lent money with interest against an item of value, and who would later sell the item to recoup their investment unless the lender expressed the wish to buy it back themselves when funds were available.
Pea Sorter
Pedascule A school master.
Pedlar A street seller who bought and sold goods for cash.
Peddlar
Peeler A policeman, constable or bobby, named after Sir Robert Peel, the founder of the police force.
Peever Someone who sold pepper.
Pelliparius or Peltarius A skinner, one who worked with animal skins.
Pelterer A skinner, one who worked with animal skins.
Pencil Case Maker
Pensioner Someone who draws a pension
Perambulator A surveyor, or surveyor’s wheel, or a carriage for a baby (pram).
Perambulator Liner
Perambulator Liner
Perchemear Someone who made parchment.
Peregrinator An itinerant worker or wanderer.
Perfumer Someone who makes or sells perfume.
Perfumery Work
Periwig Maker Someone who made wigs.
Peruke Maker Someone who made wigs.
Peruker Someone who made wigs.
Pessoner A fishmonger.
Peter Man A fisherman.
Pettifogger A shyster lawyer.
Petty Chapman A pedlar. or an itinerant dealer in small goods. See Chapman.
Peurterer, White
Pew Opener, Church Someone who was paid to open the doors to private pews in a church.
Pewterer
Pharmaceutical Chemist
Pharmacologist
Philosophical Instrument Maker A skilled craftsman who made scientific instruments.
Photographer
Photographer’s Printer
Phrenologist Someone who claimed to be able to assess a person’s character based on the bumps on their head.
Physician
Physician & Surgeon
Pianist Someone who played the piano. A musician.
Pianoforte Finisher Also Piano Forte;
Pianoforte Fitter Up
Pianoforte Maker Someone who made piano’s (pianoforte’s).
Pianoforte Teacher
Pianoforte Tuner
Picker Someone who cast the shuttle on a loom.
Pickler Someone who pickled things, eggs, onions beetroot etc.
Pickling Warehouse Worker
Pictor A painter.
Picture Dealer Someone who buys and sells pictures
Picture Frame Gilder Someone who gilds picture frames.
Picture Frame Maker Someone who makes picture frames.
Picture Frame Moulder
Picture Hawker
Picture Maker, Canvas
Piece Broker A person who sold material off-cuts or remnants.
Piece Worker Someone who was paid for the number of pieces produced rather than by the hour. This applied to many industries. People who worked from home were usually pieceworkers.
Piece Master Someone who acted as a middleman between employer and employee, and who passed out the piecework.
Piecener See Piecer.
Piecer Someone who worked in a spinning mill, piecing together any threads which broke. Often a child.
Pigmaker Someone who made pig or cast iron, also a pottery worker.
Pigman A crockery dealer, or someone who bred or looked after pigs on the farm.
Pikelet Maker A baker who specialised in making pikelets; small pancakes or crumpets.
Pikeman A millers assistant, or someone who worked at the turnpike.
Piker A vagrant or tramp, someone with no fixed abode.
Pilcher Someone who made pilches.
Pill Box Bottomer Someone who made the bottoms of pill boxes in the pottery industry.
Pill Box Lidder Someone who made the lids of pill boxes in the pottery industry.
Piller A thief, or robber.
Pilot A ship steersman or navigator.
Pinder A dog catcher and pound keeper, or someone in charge of the pinfold.
Piner A labourer.
Pinner A pin maker.
Pinner Up A dressmakers assistant, or someone who sold broadsheets or ballads in the streets.
Pipe Case Maker Someone who made pipe cases.
Pipe Dresser
Pipe Maker Someone who made pipes.
Piper An Innkeeper
Piscarius A fishmonger.
Piscator A fisherman.
Pistor A baker or miller.
Pit Brow Lass A female worker who worked at the pit head of a mine.
Pitman A coal miner
Place Card Maker
Plaicher A hedge layer.
Plain & Fancy Box Maker
Plain Needle Work
Plain Worker Someone who performed plain sewing or needlework as opposed to an embroiderer.
Plaisterer A plasterer.
Plaiter Someone who made straw plaits used in making hats etc.
Plane Maker, Tool
Planker Someone who planks, or kneads the body of the hat during felting.
Plantifene A hay and forage merchant. See Avernator.
Plasher A hedge layer.
Plasterer Someone who plasters walls and ceilings, or someone who worked with roman cement used in stuccoing.
Plasterer, Paper Hanger
Plasterer’s Hawk Assistant
Plasterer’s Hawk Manufacturer
Plaster Ship Maker
Platcher A hedge layer.
Plate Boy
Plate Glass Cutter
Plate Layer Also Platelayer; laid and maintained railway tracks.
Plate Polisher
Plate Sawyer
Playderer Someone who made plaid.
Pleacher A hedge layer.
Plomer A plumber.
Plowman farmer
Plowwright or Ploughwright maker or repairer of plows
Plumassier Someone who made or sold plumes, or ornamental feathers.
Plumber Someone who worked with lead, for gas and water pipes etc. One who applied sheet lead for roofing and set lead frames for plain or stained glass windows
Plumber & Gas Fitter one who worked with lead piping for gas fittings
Plumber’s Mate
Plumbum Worker plumber; literally, worker in lead
Plumer See Plumassier.
Plush Coverer, Cabt
Plush Frame Gluer
Plush Sorter
Plush Worker
Pocket Book Maker Someone who made pocket books.
Pocket Liner, Dress
Podiatrist Another name for a chiropodist.
Pog Tile Maker
Pointer Someone who sharpened needles or pins, etc.
Pointmaker Someone who made the tips of laces.
Pointman Someone who made the tips of laces.
Pointsman A person who operated the points to change the railway track on which a train was travelling.
Poldave Worker Someone who made poldave, a coarse fabric.
Pole Lathe Turner A skilled craftsman in wood.
Poleman A surveyor’s assistant.
Polentier A poulterer.
Police Bed Maker & Female Warder
Police Constable
Police Officer
Police Pensioner
Police Sergeant A police officer who had achieved the rank of Sergeant.
Policeman
Policeman, Railway A person employed by the railway as a policeman to guard the railway assets.
Polisher
Poller A barber, or men’s hairdresser.
Ponderator An inspector of weights and measures.
Pony Driver Someone, often a child, in charge of the pit pony which pulled the coal tubs underground.
Porcher A pig keeper.
Pork Butcher A butcher who specialised in Pork meat.
Port Labourer
Port Messenger
Portable Soup Maker Someone who converted soup into a dry form for transporting from place to place.
Porter door or gatekeeper, or one who carried things
Porter on Railway A porter who worked for the railways.
Portmanteau Liner
Portmanteau Maker Someone who made leather trunks for clothes, etc., which opened into two equal parts.
Post Boy Someone who carried mail from town to town. A guard who travelled on the mail coach. An outrider who travelled with the stagecoach as a postillion.
Post Card Bender
Post Card Counter
Post Card Examiner
Post Card Packer
Post Card Maker Also Postcard Maker
Postage Stamp Counter
Postage Stamp Examiner
Poster Someone who worked in the quarries breaking rocks.
Postillion Someone who attached extra horses to wagons & coaches to help pull them up hills, or one who worked on long distance coaches and who’s duty it was to change the horses at the stops.
Postman someone who carried letters for the Post Office.
Pot Burner Someone who placed pots in a furnace to be fired.
Potato Badger Someone who sold potatoes.
Potato Salesman Someone who sold potatoes.
Potman Also Pot Man or Boy; worked in public houses collecting and washing dirty pots and glasses
Potter Someone who made or sold pottery.
Potter Carrier A pharmacist or chemist.
Potter Presser A potter who used a mould.
Potter Thrower A potter who used a wheel had to “throw” the clay onto the spinning wheel.
Pouch Maker Someone who made pouches or purses.
Poulter A buyer and seller of poultry.
Poulterer See Poulter
Poulterer, Butcher
Poulterer, Fish
Poultry Dealer
Power Loom Tuner Someone who maintained the loom in a weaving mill.
Powler A barber, or men’s hairdresser.
Poynter Someone who makes lace.
Practical Brewer Someone who brews ale or beer.
Preceptress A school mistress.
Prentis Another name for an apprentice
Press Finisher
Press Moulder
Presser Someone who presses, clothes for example.
Pressmaker Someone who makes presses.
Pressman
Prick Louise A tailor.
Pricker A pattern maker, or a horseman, or a witch hunter.
Prig Napper A horse thief.
Print Machine Ruler
Printer Someone who works at or owns a printing press
Printer Layer on
Printer Litho
Printer Litho Copper Plate
Printer Lithographer
Printer Machinist
Printer’s Apprentice Someone who is training to be a printer.
Printer’s Boy An assistant to a printer.
Printer’s Compositor Someone who sets print type.
Printer’s Cutter Someone who cuts paper that has been printed.
Printer’s Devil A printer’s assistant.
Printer’s Factory Lad An assistant to a printer.
Printer’s Foreman Someone in charge in a printing shop.
Printer’s Labourer Someone who labours for a printer
Printer’s Machine Boy An assistant to a printer.
Printing Mark Maker
Private, Royal Marines
Proctor An official of a university.
Professional Actor
Professional Cricketer
Professional Dancer
Professional Singer, Music
Professional Vocalist, Music
Professor of History, School
Professor of Music & Singing
Proffensor of Swing
Prompter, Art
Prop Bobby Someone who worked in mines checking the pit props.
Proprietor
Proprietress
Prostitute
Protestant Dissenting minister
Prothonary A law clerk.
Provender
Provision Assistant
Provision Curer Someone who cures meat.
Provision Dealer Someone who supplies provisions.
Provision Merchant
Provision Retailer
Provision Warehouseman Someone who works in a provisions warehouse.
Prudential Agent
Public Accountant
Public House Manager
Publican innkeeper, one who runs a public house, usually licensed
Publisher, Book
Publisher’s Clerk
Publishing Officer, Book
Puddler Someone who worked clay into puddle, or one who worked with puddle to make things watertight e.g. canal walls, or one who worked with puddling iron or wrought iron.
Puggard A thief or robber.
Pugger Someone employed by brick manufacturers to produce clay paste by treading like grapes, often women and children.
Pugilist A prize fighter.
Puller Down
Pulley Maker Someone who made pulleys.
Pump Maker Someone who made mechanical pumps.
Punky A chimney sweep.
Pupil Teacher A schoolteacher.
Pure Broker
Pure Gatherer or Picker Someone who roamed the streets, especially in London, gathering dog faeces, often an old woman or child. These were used in the tanning industry for processing hides.
Purse & Pocketbook Maker
Purse Lock Maker
Purser A ship’s officer in charge of provisions & accounts
Purveyor of Calf Meat
Purveyor of Horse Flesh Someone who sold horse meat.
Putter Someone who worked in the coal mine hauling the mine tubs.
Putter In Someone who was employed to put things in to some type of mechanised process.
Pynner A pin maker.